It is estimated that in the United Kingdom in 2018, 136,000 people were exploited in different forms of modern slavery, with the estimated proportion of the population to be living in modern slavery to be 2.08 out of 1,000 people (Global Slavery Index (GSI), 2019). Britain is both a source and destination country for victims of modern slavery, with rising numbers of British citizens being identified as victims of modern slavery (Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, 2019). Potential victims of modern slavery and exploitation who are UK nationals has increased by nearly 100% since 2017, from 820 referrals of potential victims (UK nationals) in 2017 to 1,625 referrals in 2018 (NCA, 2019: 01). Potential victims can be adults, children, male or female.
Common risk factors include poverty, poor educational attainment, a lack of cultural and/or social capital, and homelessness. Many victims have already faced abuse in their life, including childhood sexual abuse. Generally, victims of modern slavery are often recruited when highly vulnerable (for example when battling a substance addiction or homeless) and when they display low self-esteem, poor judgement, neediness and lack of support systems (Slavin, 2002). These characteristics allow for manipulative predators to gain the trust of their victims. Exploiters may claim they will ‘protect’ and ‘care’ for the individual and promise them hospitality, domestic, and retail work (Roby, 2005: 139).
The most common reported exploitation type among potential adult victims was labour exploitation (44%) followed by sexual exploitation (39%). These statistics did not change greatly when looking at potential child victims, for whom the most common reported exploitation type was also labour exploitation (48%), followed by sexual exploitation (27%) (Annual Report on Modern Slavery, 2018: 11).
Global Family UK is focused on:
The training and resourcing of individuals working in the prevention of human trafficking, rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of commercial sexual exploitation, and community-based approaches to protect children and preserve families.
Research and development of innovative, best practice, and alternative interventions to combating human trafficking and other forms of modern-day slavery, family-based services for children who lack biological support and who have been abandoned and/or systematically abused, and community-based development.
Monitoring and evaluation of Global Family’s international global programs.
TRAINING & EDUCATION
The St. James Research Centre for Evidence-Based Social Intervention was established by Global Family Care Network in Scotland. Our goal is to equip leaders to conduct research and implement programs in community-based development, prevention of modern slavery, rehabilitation and psycho-therapeutic programs for victims of human trafficking, and orphan care. We are located in Falkirk, Scotland. Our office, trainings, and student accommodation are at St. James Church, built in 1898. The St. James Research Centre is connected to a global network of experienced professionals in the field of community-based development, anti-trafficking prevention and rehabilitation programming, orphan care, and evaluation.
Michele Heron, Research Associate
Eleanor Davis, Administrative Associate
Murray Mathers, Facility Manager
Joseph Ehrlich, Intervention Effectiveness Research Intern
Rachael Mair, Videography Intern
Dayna Azevedo, Media and Videography Intern
Erich Rau, Media and Videography Intern
Agnes Bacsi, Administrative Intern