Prevent CSEC in Your Home

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) is a type of trafficking that includes any sexual activity involving a child in exchange for something of value, or promise thereof, including money, shelter, food, drugs, etc.


Examples of CSEC include:


  • Child sex trafficking/the prostitution of children

  • Child sex tourism

  • Commercial production of child pornography

  • Online transmission of videos involving children engaging in sexual activity in exchange for anything of value

  • Mail-order bride

  • Stripping

  • Performing in sexual venues such as clubs

CSEC, wherein the child is treated as a sexual and a commercial object, is a fundamental violation of child rights. CSEC also constitutes a form of coercion and violence against children and may be categorised as modern slavery in the forms of human trafficking, forced labour, and forced marriage.  

As a foster caregiver, you are a mandated reporter. This means that you are required to report any instances of child abuse and trafficking that you reasonably suspect.

Someone has isolated the child from other loving and supportive people

Someone makes decisions for the child about when they are free, where they can go, or who they can hang out with

The child left town suddenly or they disappear from time to time with little or no explanation

The child is highly secretive about a new relationship or their whereabouts

The child does not make time to see friends anymore, or can never get time alone with them

The child seems frightened or nervous

The child seems malnourished or ill and isn’t allowed to get the treatment they need

Underage and displaying inappropriate or risky behavior

Multiple mobile phones and worrying about losing contact via mobile

Changes in the way they dress

Going to hotels or other unusual locations to meet friends

Getting in/out of different cars driven by unknown adults

Involved in abusive relationships, intimidated and fearful of certain people or situations

Not going to school, getting involved with crime, drugs, and alcohol abuse

Mood swings, volatile behavior, emotional distress

Receiving unexplained and expensive gifts like mobile phones and clothes

Older boyfriends/girlfriends or hanging out with older people

Identifying the Signs of CSEC


My child is displaying some/all of these signs and I think that they are being exploited. What do I do?

Non-law enforcement personnel should not confront a suspected trafficker or rescue a suspected victim, since this may put both your and the victim’s safety at risk.


  • National Human Trafficking Hotline: Call 1-888-373-7888 or text “BeFree” to 233733 to speak to advocates who are available 24/7. All reports are confidential and anonymous. The hotline should be contacted if you are a victim of trafficking or have information about a potential trafficking situation. Anyone can call, including witnesses, potential victims, service providers, and community members. You may call to get help, report a tip, find services, and learn about options.

  • Homeland Security Investigations Tip Line: Call 1-866-347-2423 or submit a tip online at

  • National Center for Missing and Exploited Children: Missing children and child pornography should be 

  • reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) at 1-800-THE-LOST 
    (843-5678) or at

  • Emergency Services: If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911.